See all Meditation


Top articles

How to Meditate: Meditation 101 for Beginners

10 Science-Backed Benefits of Meditation

What is Meditation?

Mindful LivingSleep
CommunityFor Work

Already have an account?

Sign in


What is Meditation?

Here we explore what meditation is (and isn’t), various styles, its many benefits, and how you can get started today.

What is meditation? Here we explore what meditation is (and isn’t), various styles, its many benefits, and how you can get started today.

And like physical skills — drawing, guitar playing, computer programming, rock climbing — meditation is a mental skill that becomes more natural and rewarding the more you do it.

What Meditation Isn’t

Let’s clear up some of the biggest misconceptions about meditation right away.

Meditation isn’t something that requires a particular location, special clothing, or a set of specific religious beliefs.

While you might have a preferred location or type of clothing, the truth is you can meditate anywhere, anytime, and these techniques can be used by those with or without any spiritual affiliation and still have transformative effects.

Meditation isn’t something you have to be a “master” at in order to experience benefits.

Even just 10-15 (imperfect!) minutes a day using the simplest meditation techniques can start making a difference in your everyday life.

Meditation isn’t about trying to control thoughts or avoid pain.

Rather than trying to force or deny any of these things, meditation shows us how to acknowledge and observe our experiences in a non-judgmental way that creates a whole new perspective and new possibilities for responding.

Meditation & Mindfulness: What’s the Difference?

Meditation and mindfulness are closely related, but they aren’t the same thing.

Mindfulness is a way of living that involves offering focused attention to whatever is happening in the present moment — this meal, this conversation, this feeling, this walk — without judging it or trying to change it.

Meditation is a form of mindfulness practice that uses different techniques to train attention and awareness, calm the brain, and create the space that allows for more mental clarity and emotional stability.

Meditation can be seen as one of many seeds that, when nurtured daily, can lead to mindful living.

How Meditation Works

It can be easy to think of meditation as some esoteric practice reserved for mountaintop-dwelling monks, something that doesn’t apply to the “normal-people” messiness of daily living.

But as more researchers have been asking, What is meditation? And how does it work? — it’s becoming clear that this practice has everything to do with our everyday lives.

Thanks to a growing interest in the science of meditation in recent years, we now have a much clearer idea of how meditation works. In other words, we know more about what meditation does to the brain.

In a nutshell, meditation calms the parts of our brains that can get overactive as a result of the nonstop stimuli and stress that surround us. These all ramp up the alert centers of our brains and put us into “fight or flight” mode.

This is what makes us agitated, anxious, and fearful. It’s what causes us to overreact (sometimes without even thinking) to things like annoying traffic, a bad day at work, or a clickbait headline.

When we meditate, the neural pathways of overactivity in the fear-centers of our brain actually get re-wired. Over time, our ability to calmly assess a situation before we respond increases. We don’t take everything personally. The connections in parts of the brain linked to empathy and awareness of others get stronger, too.

Go Deeper

Talk · 10 mins

Is Meditation Enough to Cultivate Inner Peace?

Is meditation enough to find real peace? Vidyamala shares some some important lessons.

Play Now

How Do You Meditate?

Here’s a simple way to complete your own basic meditation session. Remember: it doesn’t have to be fancy or complicated. Just you, showing up, is the perfect start.

1) Find a comfortable place to sit or lie down.

This can be a chair, a cushion, or the floor — whatever is the most quiet and comfortable for you, in a position you can stay in that feels relaxed.

2) Wear whatever you like.

Go for non-constricting, comfy, and easy.

3) Pick a time of day that works best for you.

It’s easier to make a habit of meditating when you do it at roughly the same time each day.

4) Set a timer with a soothing alarm tone.

If you’re trying meditation for the first time, 5-10 minutes is more than enough. You can add time as you do it more.

5) Quietly notice your body.

You can keep your eyes open (with a soft gaze on one spot), or you can close your eyes. When you’re ready, just turn your attention gently to your body. Notice how it feels to be where you are, the sensation of your bum in the chair, or your feet planted on the floor. Notice your breath going in and out.

6) Breathe naturally.

There’s no need to try and control your breathing or do extra long inhales or exhales. Just breathe in a way that feels natural.

7) When your mind wanders — and it will — just notice it and return to your breath.

It’s totally normal for your mind to go other places, maybe even dozens of times in a session. This isn’t something to “fix” — it’s just something to notice. And when you notice, gently guide your attention back to your breathing.

8) Practice radical gentleness with yourself.

We’re so used to trying to maximize, conquer, accomplish — and then judging ourselves by how well we do something. Meditation is occurring outside this framework of external achievement, which can be a totally new experience.

And for many of us, silence is uncomfortable. Our daily lives are LOUD, and sometimes we sort of hide out in that noise. Quieting ourselves in a quiet room can take some getting used to.

So when your mind wanders, don’t chastise yourself. When unexpected thoughts or feelings arise, don’t try to stop them or control them. There is no “should.” Simply notice and return your attention to your breath.

9) Take your time easing out of the session.

Open your eyes slowly, or lift your gaze. Tune into your environment again: the sounds outside your window, the fan blowing, the refrigerator hum. Notice how your body feels. Notice how you feel.

10) Stand up, stretch, inhale/exhale, and add one last dash of kindness.

You might feel amazing. Or annoyed. Or uncertain. Your foot might have gone numb. Notice it all, and then, before you leave your spot, say one kind thing to yourself.

That’s it. It doesn’t have to ever be more complicated than that.

(If you want to read more, or find more meditation tips and ideas, you can check out our How To Meditate page.)

How to Practice

Meditation · 5-30 mins

Zoom In and Out

In this meditation, we'll train our brain to focus like a camera, zooming in when we want more detail, and zooming out when we want more space and perspective.

The Different Types of Meditation

While there are dozens of ways to approach meditation, there are a few types that are well-known and great for beginners.

Mindfulness Meditation

A mindfulness meditation practice is very similar to what we just walked through above. It focuses on noticing the present moment, your body, your breath — and observing all things without judgment.

Get Started

Mantra Meditation

Some people like to have a sound, word, or phrase to focus on during their daily meditation practice.

Some mantras have a specific meaning, others are sounds that resonate in the body. Like breathing techniques, mantras can provide an anchor point that helps keep the mind focused.

Loving-Kindness Meditation

Loving-Kindness meditation (also known as Metta) brings intentional awareness to radiating compassion, forgiveness, safety, and wellness — towards ourselves, our loved ones, strangers, and eventually even those we struggle to love.

Spirituality-Based Meditation

As we’ve said above (and will go into more detail below), a specific set of spiritual or religious beliefs is not required to meditate. But for those who do find value in their religious beliefs, there are contemplative, devotional, and prayer-based meditation techniques that can add richness and depth to any spiritual framework.

Guided Meditation

It can be helpful for beginners to meditate (in person or virtually) with an experienced teacher who gently moves the listener through a complete meditation session.

You can find dozens of guided meditations on Mindfulness.com, based on many different types of techniques and specific goals such as relaxation, calming anxiety, or getting better sleep.

Will Meditation Help Me?

The short answer is: yes!

Beyond just relaxation, meditation shifts how we see and respond to the moments of our lives. In addition, its effects can also be measured in our bodies, making it a great companion for integrative health treatments. And with daily practice, the positive effects have staying power.

Here are just 10 of many documented benefits of regular meditation:

  • Better sleep
  • Diminished cravings
  • Reduced stress levels
  • Lowered blood pressure
  • Reduced inflammation and pain
  • Expanded imagination and creativity.
  • Improvements in memory, cognition, focus, and attention
  • Decreased symptoms of some types of anxiety and depression
  • Enhanced capacity for compassion, towards yourself and others
  • Greater self-awareness, along with an improved sense of self-worth

What is Meditation in Psychology?

Meditation in psychology is the science-backed use of meditation to help mental health practitioners improve their clients’ mental and emotional wellbeing.

Two of the most well-known applications of meditation in psychology are Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT).

MBSR uses mindfulness and meditation to help people dealing with stress, anxiety, depression and pain. The 8-week program was developed in the 1970s by Professor Jon Kabat-Zinn. It has become influential in bringing science-based, secular MBSR practices into schools, hospitals, businesses, and even governmental agencies.

MBCT combines the clinical treatment protocols of Cognitive Therapy with specific meditative and mindfulness practices for those who deal with chronic depression and long-term unhappiness. Here meditation helps people to see and understand how the mind is working within their mood disorders — and offers practical tools to help them stop negative mood spirals that can lead to recurring bouts of depression.

Befriend Yourself

Meditation · 5 mins

Helping With Negative Thoughts

In this meditation, we will explore how to work with negative and difficult thoughts.

Meditation & Religion

Lots of people who are curious about the benefits of meditation also want to know about its connection to religion. It’s common for people to have the assumption that meditation is an inherently religious practice, or that it is designed to somehow make people more spiritual.

While meditation is an ancient practice and has its roots in Hindu and Buddhist traditions, the specific techniques and mechanisms at work are not in and of themselves religious.

Jon Kabat-Zinn, the developer of MBSR mentioned above, has been intentional about separating (while not disparaging) the religious context of meditation from its non-religious essence. As he puts it, “[T]o insist that … meditation is Buddhist is like saying gravity is English because it was identified by Sir Isaac Newton.”

For many people who are devout in their particular religious tradition, a daily meditation practice greatly enhances their experience and wellbeing. Agnostics and atheists also report experiencing a sense of calm, inner peace, compassion, and equanimity towards others.

No matter where you’re coming from or starting from, there’s a meditative approach that can be a great fit for you and your personal goals. Whatever style or meditation technique you choose, you can begin transforming your relationship to yourself, others, and your world today.

Deep-Dive Talks

Talk · 23 mins

Integrating ‘Spiritual’ Life with Daily Life

In this interview, Melli talks to Jack about how to integrate spiritual life with everyday life and what it means to be ‘on the path’ of mindfulness.

Live a Mindful Life

Enjoy these articles, stories, and guided practices for incorporating mindfulness into every day.


Walking Meditation Guide: How to Practice Meditative Walking

10 minutes reading

Mindfulness is better with friends

Click below to invite a friend

Mindful Meditation Program For Beginners

How to Meditate

Join Mindfulness.com co-host Cory Muscara for a 10-day course to master the foundational principles of mindfulness and establish a realistic daily mindfulness practice that can easily integrate into your modern, busy life.

Email Missing

We couldn’t detect your email with the SSO provider you have selected.

Mindfulness Guarantee

We are here to make a positive impact on the world. We never want to sell you something that hasn’t helped you live a better life. That’s why if you’re unhappy with any purchase from us, you have 30 days to get a full refund and your money back.

If you subscribed to Mindfulness Plus+ and are unhappy with your purchase, please get in contact with us within the 30-day period and we’ll refund your purchase.

Learn more about our Mindfulness Guarantee.


Bring balance into your everyday life.

We believe in a world where everybody has access to the life-changing skills of mindfulness.

  • 2,000+ Guided Meditations
  • Daily Coaching
  • Sleep Content
  • Mindful Exercises
  • Mindful Radio
  • 10+ Courses from world-class teachers

Private Browsing

Added to your cart!


Thank you for joining us

Dive into the full library and enjoy all it has to offer!

Here’s your 7-day free trial

Get the full Mindfulness.com experience by entering your email below and we’ll send you an email to get you started.

You’ll pay $0 today to experience:

  • Over 1,800 meditations, sleep, calm music, nature scapes, and more
  • Daily mindfulness video meditations 365 days a year
  • 100’s of courses and tools to help manage anxiety, sleep, and stress
  • Expert guidance from our world-leading mindfulness teachers
  • 30-day Mindfulness guarantee: If you don’t love us, we’ll give you your money back
or continue with
By continuing, you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy.

Do you already have an account?


One membership to gain access to a world of premium mindfulness content created to help you live happier and stress less.

  • 2000+ Guided Meditations
  • Courses from world-class teachers
  • Resources for Stress + Anxiety
  • Breathing exercises, gratitude practices, relaxation techniques
  • Sleep meditations, playlists, stories
  • Mindful talks, podcasts, music, nature sounds